Biomechanical properties of polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) and its application in dental clinic: a literature review

Igor Adolfo Gonçalves Galvão, Phelipe Cruz de Carvalho, Raquel Sousa Feitosa, Ermeson Inácio de Sousa, Manasses Tercio Vieira Grangeiro, Viviane Figueiredo

Abstract


OBJECTIVE: to review the literature on the polyether etherketone biomaterial (PEEK) emphasizing the mechanical properties and applications in dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHOD: a search was performed in the electronic databases PubMed, Scielo and Bireme, using the search terms: Dental Materials, Dental Implants, Dental Prosthesis. The inclusion and exclusion criteria were studies in silico, in vitro, systematic review and literature that addresses the variables under study, language in English and Portuguese. RESULTS: PEEK has been gaining important prominence in dentistry, since it has a high resistance to weight ratio, elastic properties similar to human bone, ability to absorb shock during chewing, high wear resistance, low zero corrosion rate and absorption of water. CONCLUSION: The literature shows in silico and in vitro studies that PEEK still has inferior clinical characteristics when compared to titanium implants.

Keywords


PEEK. Implants. Prosthodontics.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17267/2596-3368dentistry.v11i1.2896

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Copyright (c) 2020 Igor Adolfo Gonçalves Galvão, Phelipe Cruz de Carvalho, Raquel Sousa Feitosa, Ermeson Inácio de Sousa, Manasses Tercio Vieira Grangeiro, Viviane Figueiredo

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Dentistry & Public Health

ISSN 2596-3368

Updated 05/15/2019

Creative Commons License