Illa Oliveira Bitencourt Farias, Mirella Aguiar de Freitas


Aim: To evaluate and discuss the application of laser in the treatment of peri-implantitis through a review of the literature. Methods: An electronic search in the PubMed database in search of publications between 2012 and 2017. Out of the total of 26 results, 17 publications were chosen which were complemented by other references relevant to the work. Results: According to the literature, Diode, Nd:YAG, Er:YAG and CO2 lasers have been reported as a viable therapeutical method for periimplantitis because they appear to influence the surface decontamination of the implants and improve the clinical signs of inflammation. However, no controlled clinical studies have been observed that prove its long-term effectiveness, as well as the superiority of laser therapy compared to other therapeutic methods applied in the treatment of periimplantitis. Conclusions: There is still no consensus in the literature regarding the type of laser and its configurations for peri-implantite treatment. It is not possible to affirm that the laser treatment is better than the conventional therapies for the peri-implantite, being important to carry out more clinical studies on this


periimplantitis, laser, sistematic review


García JJE. Enfermedades periodontales y periimplantarias. Factores de riesgo y su diagnóstico. Av Periodon Implantol. 2003; 15(3): 149-56.

Rech CA, Battochio VL. Diagnóstico e tratamento da peri-implantite. ImplantNewsPerio. 2012; 9(4): 577-84.

Sallum AW, Serra e Silva Filho WL, Vale HF, Sallum EA. O estado da doença periimplantar e seu tratamento clínico. Em: Lenharo A, Bezerra F. Monitoramento e manutenção da saúde periimplantar. 1.ed. São Paulo; 2009. p. 191-202.

Soares APF, Azoubel MCF, Bezerra F, Lenharo A. Monitoramento e manutenção da saúde periimplantar. Em: Lenharo A, Bezerra F. Monitoramento e manutenção da saúde periimplantar. 1.ed. São Paulo; 2009. p. 15-33.

Misch CE. Teorema do tratamento da tensão para a implantodontia. Em: Misch CE. Implantes dentais contemporâneos. 3ª ed. Rio de Janeiro; 2008. p.68-91.

Fransson C, Wennström J, Tomasi C, Berglundh T. Extent of peri-implantitis – associated bone loss. J Clin Periodontol. 2009; 36: 357-63. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2009.01375.x.

Del Amo FSL, Yu SH, Wang HL. Non-surgical therapy for peri-Implant diseases: a systematic review. J Oral Maxillofac Res. 2016; 7(3) e13: 14p. doi: 10.5037/jomr.2016.7313

Barreto MA, Tunes R, Miranda DAO, Fraga S, Leal VR, Vasconcelos A. Doença periimplantar: Diagnóstico, prevenção e tratamento. Em: Barreto MA, Duarte LR, coords. Evidências científicas em estética e osseointegração. 1a ed. Nova Odessa: Napoleão; 2013. p.524-57.

Misch CE. Implante não é dente: uma comparação de índices periodontais. In: Misch CE. Implantes dentais contemporâneos. 3ª ed. Rio de Janeiro; 2008. p.1055-72.

Raimundo MC, Carvalho EMC, Damis LFT. Diagnóstico das doenças peri-implantares: uma abordagem clínica. ImplantNewsPerio. 2012; 9(4): 561-5.

Shahi A, Ardabili MSH. Use of laser for treating of peri-implantitis: A review. Int J Contemp Dent Med Rev. 2017; 2017: 6p. Article ID: 020117. doi: 10.15713/ins.ijcdmr.111.

Romanos GE, Gupta B, Yunker M, Romanos EB, Malmstrom H. Lasers use in dental implantology. Implant Dentistry. 2013; 22(3): 282-8. doi: 10.1097/ID.0b013e3182885fcc

Tang E, Arany P. Photobiomodulation and implants: implications for dentistry. J Periodontal Implant Sci. 2013; 43: 262-8. doi: 10.5051/jpis.2013.43.6.262

Murray CM, Knight ET, Russell AA, Tawse-Smith A, Leichter JW. Peri-implant disease: current understanding and future direction. New Zealand Dental Journal. 2013 Jun: 55-62.

Smeets R, Henningsen A, Jung O, Heiland M, Hammächer C, Stein JM. Definition, etiology, prevention and treatment of peri-implantitis – a review. Head & Face Medicine. 2014; 10(34): 1-13. doi: 10.1186/1746-160X-10-34

Mahato N, Wul X, Wang L. Management of peri-implantitis: a systematic review, 2010–2015. SpringerPlus. 2016; 5:105-13.

Romanos GE, Javed F, Delgado-Ruiz RA, Calvo-Guirado JL. Peri-implant diseases. A review of treatment interventions. Dent Clin N Am. 2015; 59: 157-78. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2014.08.002

Schwarz F, Schmucker A, Becker J. Efficacy of alternative or adjunctive measures to conventional treatment of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Implant Dentistry. 2015; 1(22): 34p. doi: 10.1186/s40729-015-0023-1

Ramanauskaite A, Daugela P, Almeida RF, Saulacic N. Surgical non-regenerative treatments for peri-implantitis: a systematic review. J Oral Maxillofac Res. 2016 Jul/Sep; 7(3): 1-11. doi: 10.5037/jomr.2016.7314

Muthukuru M, Zainvi A, Esplugues EO, Flemmig TF. Non-surgical therapy for the management of peri-implantitis: a systematic review. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2012; 23 Suppl 6: 77-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2012.02542.x

Figuero E, Graziani F, Sanz I, Herrera D, Sanz M. Management of peri‐implant mucositis and peri‐implantitis. Periodontology 2000. 2014 Oct; 66(1): 255-73.

Kotsakis GA, Konstantinidis I, Karoussis IK, Ma X, Chu H. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Various Laser Wavelengths in the Treatment of Peri-Implantitis. J. Periodontol. 2014; 85(9): 1203-13. doi: 10.1902/jop.2014.130610

Mellado-Valero A, Buitrago-Vera P, Solá-Ruiz MF, Ferrer-García JC. Decontamination of dental implant surface in peri-implantitis treatment: A literature review. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2013 Nov 1; 18(6): e869-76. doi:10.4317/medoral.19420

Suarez F, Monje A, Galindo-Moreno P, Wang HL. Implant Surface Detoxification: A Comprehensive Review. Implant Dentistry. 2013; 0(0): 1-9. doi: 10.1097/ID.0b013e3182a2b8f4

Romanos GE, Weitz D. Therapy of peri-implant diseases. Where is the evidence? J Evid Base Dent Pract. 2012 Sep; 12 Suppl 1: 204-8.

Arisan V, Karabuda ZC, Arici SV, Topçuoglu N, Külekçi G. A Randomized Clinical Trial of an Adjunct Diode Laser Application for the Nonsurgical Treatment of Peri-Implantitis. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery. 2015; 33(11): 547-54. doi: 10.1089/pho.2015.3956

Alshehri FA. The role of lasers in the treatment of peri-implant diseases: A review. The Saudi Dental Journal. 2016; 28: 103-8. doi: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2015.12.005

Monzavi A, Shahabi S, Fekrazad R, Behruzi R, Chiniforush N. Implant surface temperature changes during Er:YAG. Laser irradiation with different cooling systems. Journal of Dentistry - Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 2014 Mar; 11(2): 210-15.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Illa Oliveira Bitencourt Farias, Mirella Aguiar Freitas

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Dentistry & Public Health

ISSN 2596-3368

Updated 05/15/2019

Creative Commons License