Profile of patients accomplished by infectious oral lesions in a reference center of Northeast Brazil

Joana Dourado Martins Cerqueira, Tarsila de Carvalho Freitas Ramos, Rafael Cabral de Albuquerque Souza, Lorena Araujo Almeida, Gabriel Levi da Silva Cunha, Laise Rocha Batista

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: The oral cavity is an important port of entry for infectious agents of numerous diseases with oral manifestations of systemic diseases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research is to conduct a clinical and epidemiological study of patients with infectious diseases, whose lesions were submitted to biopsies at the outpatient center of the Oral Injury Reference Center (CRLB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was made, in which all the medical records of patients with a diagnosis of infectious disease between 1998 and 2015 were verified, proven by clinical and / or histopathological examination, at in the Oral Injury Reference Center. RESULTS: We selected 384 medical records based on the inclusion criteria of the sample of this research. Fungal infections were the most prevalent with 299 cases (78%), and 241 (82%) patients were females, aged 40 years and over, n = 237 (87%). There was a statistically significant association for all groups of lesions with the age variable (p<0.05). CONCLUSION:The most prevalent lesion in the research was the prosthetic stomatitis, a clinical variant of erythematous candidiasis, and the results pointed to the use of prostheses as the main risk factor for the development of this infection in the oral cavity.

Keywords


Epidemiology. Oral medicine. Infection.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17267/2596-3368dentistry.v10i1.2184

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Copyright (c) 2019 Joana Dourado Martins Cerqueira, Tarsila de Carvalho Freitas Ramos, Rafael Cabral de Albuquerque Souza, Lorena Araujo Almeida, Gabriel Levi da Silva Cunha, Laise Rocha Batista

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Dentistry & Public Health

ISSN 2596-3368

Updated 05/15/2019

Creative Commons License