Características de lesões em atletas adolescentes de basquete

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17267/2238-2704rpf.v11i4.4112

Palavras-chave:

Lower limb, Ankle, Injury, Characteristics

Resumo

INTRODUÇÃO: O basquetebol é um esporte de contato físico que envolve movimentos complexos como pular, girar e mudar de direção, que frequentemente causam lesões. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo tem como objetivo compreender as características das lesões em atletas adolescentes de basquete. MÉTODOS: Este estudo usa um método descritivo com uma abordagem de estudo transversal, usando um questionário baseado na web (Formulários Google) que consiste em perguntas fechadas para examinar a história, tipos, fatores e tratamentos das lesões sofridas pelos adolescentes atletas de basquete do Centro de Treinamento Esportivo de Estudantes (Pusat Pelatihan Olahraga Pelajar ou PPOP) do DKI Jakarta. Os sujeitos são 14 atletas do sexo masculino e feminino, com idade média de 15,9 ± 1,1 anos, altura média de 172,29 ± 9,33 centímetros e peso médio de 65,71 ± 10,06 quilogramas. O instrumento de pesquisa é um questionário distribuído online na forma de Formulários Google. Um teste de validade foi realizado no questionário usando Aikens. Os dados dos resultados do questionário foram analisados ??por meio de uma análise percentual das respostas a cada questão. RESULTADOS: Os resultados revelaram que 76% dos atletas sofreram lesões em membros inferiores, sendo a lesão mais frequente na articulação do tornozelo (45%). Além disso, os atletas também afirmaram que as entorses / torções são o tipo de lesão mais experiente (42%). Os treinamentos ocorreram quando 79% dos atletas experimentaram as lesões, enquanto os outros 21% as vivenciaram durante as partidas. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados deste estudo não podem generalizar os achados, pois envolveu apenas 14 participantes, o que também é uma limitação deste estudo, mas esses achados relatam que a maior lesão que ocorre durante o exercício é a articulação do tornozelo, por isso os autores sugerem fazer um aquecimento adequado. Antes de iniciar uma sessão de treinamento ou durante uma sessão de treinamento competitivo, prevenir lesões é a melhor abordagem para os atletas reduzirem sua ocorrência.

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Publicado

2021-10-19

Como Citar

Hanief, Y. N., & Widiawati, P. (2021). Características de lesões em atletas adolescentes de basquete. Revista Pesquisa Em Fisioterapia, 11(4), 711–721. https://doi.org/10.17267/2238-2704rpf.v11i4.4112

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