Anatomy behind the scenes: from history to human essence

Authors

  • Isabela Pereira Almeida Universidade do Estado da Bahia
  • Andressa Karoline da silva Malheiro Universidade do Estado da Bahia
  • Zara Dantas Oliveira Universidade do Estado da Bahia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17267/2594-7907ijhe.v4i2.3342

Keywords:

Anatomy. Art. Body care.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The history of Anatomy, its artistic representation and the history of the human body, with its taboos, have come a long way until the present moment. The objective of this work is to understand the historical points of this area of knowledge, as well as the subjectivity involved, correlating it with Literature and the Arts. DEVELOPMENT: The production of anatomical knowledge begins in prehistory; it is watertight in the Middle Ages; gains momentum in Oriental Medicine and reaches its peak in spectacles of public dissections. Anatomy is established as a form of entertainment through the regulation of public dissections, leading to the trivialization of death, the appreciation of the grotesque, the scarcity of corpses and the fear of misappropriation of bodies. As anatomy has grown as an area of knowledge, it has created the basis for health sciences and human care. It has emerged over time that the study of anatomical pieces requires essential principles - sensitivity, ethics and respect - and allows us to reflect on the transposition of the boundaries between the beautiful versus the grotesque; the pleasant versus the disgusting. It also allows reflection on the trivialization, commercialization and eroticization of the body, as well as on the limits of science. CONCLUSION: Human anatomy, in its multiple aspects, has come a long way and constitutes a precious source of knowledge, however, it is faced with enticement by the most different interests. It is necessary to rescue the beauty of the human body, which is an inseparable part of the being that inhabits / dwelt there in order to resignify its human essence.

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Author Biographies

Isabela Pereira Almeida, Universidade do Estado da Bahia

Estudante de medicina. Departamento de ciências da Vida da Universidade do Estado da Bahia.

Andressa Karoline da silva Malheiro, Universidade do Estado da Bahia

Estudante de medicina. Departamento de ciências da Vida da Universidade do Estado da Bahia.

Zara Dantas Oliveira, Universidade do Estado da Bahia

Estudante de medicina. Departamento de ciências da Vida da Universidade do Estado da Bahia.

Published

2020-12-17

How to Cite

Almeida, I. P., da silva Malheiro, A. K., & Oliveira, Z. D. (2020). Anatomy behind the scenes: from history to human essence. International Journal of Health Education, 4(2), 114–120. https://doi.org/10.17267/2594-7907ijhe.v4i2.3342

Issue

Section

Theoretical essays

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