EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF DENTAL CARIES, PERIODONTAL CONDITIONS AND ORAL HYGIENE IN STUDENTS OF CAAPORÃ-PB, BRAZIL

Mariana Leonel Martins, George Max de Oliveira Cartaxo, Wilton Wilney Nascimento Padilha

Abstract


OBJECTIVE: Analyze the oral health conditions of Caaporã-PB students in the dental caries prevalence, periodontal changes and quality of oral hygiene. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study with 320 students in the ages of 5, 12 and 15 to 19 years with 62, 112 and 146 students, respectively was conducted. The confidence level was 95%, with a 5% margin of error and the sample wasn’t randomly selected. The dmft and DMFT indices for decayed, missing and filled teeth, the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (SOHI), and Community Periodontal Index (CPI) to assess bleeding gingival and teeth calculus were employed. A descriptive and inferential analysis of the data with Chi-square test (α=0.05) was conducted. RESULTS: The dmft was 3.69+4.71 at 5 years and 42% hadn’t caries experience. The DMFT was obtained, respectively, 2.44+2.60 and 3.73+3.28 at 12 and 15 to 19 years, with 20.6% and 17.1% without caries experience. The median of SOHI was 1.16±0.51 and there wasn’t difference in relation to caries (p>0.05). It was found that 90.1% of students with gum bleeding and 85.7% with teeth calculus had DMFT>1 (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The caries prevalence was considered high at 5 years, low to 12 and mean at 15 to 19 years. Oral hygiene was classified as regular, being more deficient in children of 5 years. There was association (p<0.05) between decay and gum bleeding conditions (OR=3.117, CI=1.332-7.296) and dental calculus (OR=1.983, CI=1.027-3.829). These results allow the directing of health actions and therefore obtain better oral conditions.

Keywords


Dental Caries; Health Surveys; Dental Health Surveys.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17267/2596-3368dentistry.v7i3.994

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Copyright (c) 2016 Mariana Leonel Martins, George Max de Oliveira Cartaxo, Wilton Wilney Nascimento Padilha

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Dentistry & Public Health

ISSN 2596-3368

Updated 05/15/2019

Creative Commons License