Prevalence of chronic periodontitis in patients attended in a dental school clinic

Karolayne da Silva Sousa, Lara Niely Bezerra Leal, João Lucas de Sena Cavalcante, Luciana Mara Peixoto Araújo

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: Chronic periodontitis is one of the most common oral pathologies, with high rates of tooth loss. OBJECTIVE: to identify the prevalence of chronic periodontitis in patients attended at a university center in the interior of Ceará. METHODOLOGY: This is a cross-sectional research, whose information of the researched population was obtained from the medical records of patients attended in the period from 2013 to 2018. It was included two thousand, eight hundred and twenty-one medical records that contained the complete information required for the study and the Informed Consent Form (ICF) duly signed. The variables analyzed were: age, sex, type of periodontal disease, systemic disease and smoking habit. RESULTS: Among the evaluated patients, it was observed that 21.5% of them had shown chronic periodontitis. The female had a higher prevalence with 55.8% and the age group most affected by this disease was between 30-44 years. Among the smoking patients, 29% developed periodontal pathology, and those with systemic changes, 25.2% had chronic periodontitis, with cardiovascular disease being the most prevalent with 57.2%. CONCLUSION: Among the evaluated patients, 21.5% had chronic periodontitis, and it is of great value to understand how the distribution and other factors are associated with this disease, thus this data can be used in planning actions aimed to public health.

Keywords


Periodontal disease. Chronic periodontitis. Epidemiology. Prevalence.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17267/2596-3368dentistry.v11i1.2475

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Copyright (c) 2019 Karolayne da Silva Sousa, Lara Niely Bezerra Leal, João Lucas de Sena Cavalcante, Luciana Mara Peixoto Araújo

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Dentistry & Public Health

ISSN 2596-3368

Updated 05/15/2019

Creative Commons License