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Author Guidelines

Prior to submission, all authors are required to access the Section Policies of this journal, and compare their paper with the EQUATOR Network checklist best suited for their study design. Incomplete reports will be returned to authors for necessary amendments or they may be desk rejected.

By submitting their paper to the journal, the authors assure it is not under consideration by any other publication.

The journal will only consider publication of work that includes information that is sufficient to permit replication by other authors.

This journal charges no article processing nor publication fees of any kind.


Editorial flow

The executive editors verify all submissions before they are dispatched to the editors-in-chief. Authors should comply with all submission guidelines and journal policies in order to avoid summary rejection at the desk review stage.

The journal editors-in-chief make the initial scientific assessment of all submissions and designate a section editor to oversee its peer review. They all analyze the scientific relevance of each report and choose who among the editorial board is the most suitable editor to oversee peer review.

The assigned section editors will then select at least two expert reviewers to evaluate the quality of report, including methodological soundness and adequate interpretation of results. After peer review, the section editor weights in again on the evalution and, at this stage, reviewer annotations may be sent to authors for necessary adjustments or the submission may be declined or accepted.


First time users

Please, follow all the steps available here to register on the journal editorial system. ORCID authentication is mandatory for all authors.


Lingua franca

All manuscripts submitted must be in English.


Updated April 10th, 2023

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • Formatting: The text must be presented in size 12pt, with 1.5 of spacing in between the lines, in a single column, as to fit a standard A4 vertical sheet. Please, employ the metric system.

  • Formatting (for infographics only): They must be submitted as a Microsoft Word .doc file. Authors must employ Open Sans or Arial. Title must be 15 pt, bold; subtitle 11 pt, bold; text 8 pt, regular; source 7 pt, regular. Color must be black for light backgrounds and white for dark backgrounds. Always use the sentence case. Resolution of images must be at least 300 dpi. Document size must be 210 x 297mm (A4). Both portrait or landscape orientations are allowed. Upper margin should amount to 15 mm; lower to 27 mm; inner to 12.7 mm; outer to 12.7 mm. Color usage is free. Content area of the infographic: 184.6 x 255mm (portrait); 271.6x168 mm (landscape).

  • Tables, figures, charts, graphs, datasets etc: Questionnaire forms, interviews, tables, figures, graphs, charts and datasets must be submitted separately as supplementary files with the proper identification and numbering. Additionally, tables, figures, charts and graphs must also be placed in the manuscript in their proper places.

  • File extensions: Text files must have a .doc extension. Tables may have a .xls or .doc extension. Datasets must have a .xls extension. Figures and graphs must have a .jpg, .png or .tiff extension with 300dpi of resolution. No text file, graphic element or dataset may exceed 4Mb of size. Video files should have at least 720p of resolution and preferred formats are .mov, .mp4 and .avi.

  • Title, abstract and keywords: Providing title, abstract and keywords in the manuscript text file and in the appropriate form fields whenever requested by the submission system is a requirement for it to be considered for peer review. The title must be objective and accurate. The keywords, ranging from 3 to 5, must come from the controlled vocabulary available in the Medical Subject Headings / MeSH database. The abstracts must be structured, with no more than 250 words long, to include the following labeled sections: introduction, objectives, methods and materials, results and conclusion.

  • Authorship: Up to ten (10) authors can be listed in a single report, except when it comes to reporting research activities of cooperating research centers, laboratories and institutions, when more authors may be listed. Case reports, experience reports and reviews may list no more than six (06) authors. Providing the following metadata for each listed author in the appropriate form fields when requested by the submission system is a requirement for the paper to be considered for peer review: a) all authors with full name (no abbreviation allowed), b) main affiliation, c) city, state, country, d) email and e) ORCID. E.g.: Jennifer Smith. Federal University of Bahia. Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. (ORCID XXXX-0000-XX00-X1X5). The system will automatically send out messages to each author with a link for them to authenticate their ORCIDs. The authentication for all authors is a condition for the article to be evaluated by editors and reviewers. The contribution of each author must be listed in a separated text file which must be then submitted as supplementary file, e.g.: Smith KFA and Smith DB designed the experiments. Smith JLW wrote the code. Smith JLW and Smith YW analyzed the data. Smith MC and Smith PP prepared samples for sequencing and performed all sequencing. Smith VS cultured the cell lines. Smith XW contributed with critical intellectual content. Smith KFA, Smith MC, Smith YW, and Smith JLW wrote the manuscript. All authors reviewed and approved the final version of the paper. We comply with the ICMJE criteria for defining authorship.

  • Social media integration: Each author in a submission may supply no more than one social media handle that will be published along with their authorship information in case of acceptance of their submission. This is an opt-in feature only and it is not a condition for text evaluation. The provided social media profile must be aimed at scientific debate and dissemination only.

  • Competing interests: Authors are required to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence their work in the field "Comments for the editor".

  • Financing sources: All funding received by the authors for carrying out the research, including scholarships, grants, courtesies and fees, must be informed in the "Comments to the editor" field.

  • References: References must be cited and formatted according to the Vancouver Style. The Digital Object Identifiers (doi®) of a published work must be included in the reference whenever the published work have had a doi® assigned to it.

  • Research Ethics: Any research on, related to, or involving human subjects should state that the they had been approved by the ethics committee of the institution where the research was conducted in compliance with the international requirements, standards and procedures, such as stated in the Declaration of Helsinki. The research registration number in the Plataforma Brasil / Brazilian Ministry of Health (Brazilian National System of Research Ethics) database or in the similar international research ethics database must be included in the paper. No form of participant identification, such as disclosure of initials, full name and registration number, is permitted. The local ethics on research committee authorization and, whenever applicable, the authorization for use of image and voice for scientific purposes signed by the participant allowing their medical conditions and anonymized clinical records to be made public for the purpose of scientific research reporting must be provided by authors as supplementary files. Any studies on, related to or involving other vertebrates must have had been conducted in compliance with international ethical recommendations for experimentation on animals. They must have had been approved by the proper research committee, and the documentation of that process must be sent as an additional file as well. All registration of clinical trials must be in a public trials registry at or before the time of first participant enrollment. The trial registration number must be provided in the manuscript and at the end of the abstract. The WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP), the or any national platform for clinical trials registration may be employed. All reviews must have been previously registered in the PROSPERO database and the PRISMA checklist must be submitted as supplementary file. More information about clinical trials registration here.

  • Reproduction of copyrighted material: The first mention of a trademark must include the name of the manufacturer and the country of origin. When reproducing any copyrighted material, the authors must provide the authorization by the respective copyright owners, including but not limited to charts, figures and graphs.

  • Overlapping publications: They are discouraged, except in the situations allowed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors - ICMJE. If the prerequisites for second publication described by the ICMJE are met, the authors must upload the permission granted by the first publication rights owner as supplementary file. The first publication must be cited in a footnote. Uploading papers to preprint servers for peer review is encouraged and it will not be considered as overlapping publication.

  • Reporting integrity: When available for the type of report submitted, the filled out EQUATOR checklist, informing on which page of the manuscript each mandatory item per study design appears, must be uploaded as a supplementary file at the time of submission.

Checklist last updated in August 29th, 2023

Original research

Original articles are scientific reports of the results of experimental or observational original research on brain imaging and stimulation and its interfaces. This section will consider for publication:

  • Clinical trials;
  • Cross-sectional or longitudinal studies
  • Diagnostic accuracy studies;
  • Economic studies;
  • Metascientific studies;
  • Pilot studies;
  • Qualitative research;
  • Studies of instrument validation;
  • Studies on quality of care.


The infographics section is open for submissions of brief graphic presentations on concepts, the mechanisms behind phenomena or clinical reasoning within the scope of the journal. This type of submission must summarize theoretical rationale behind phenomena or applicability of methods, technologies, devices related to the field of brain imaging and stimulation.

Video submissions

Video submissions will be considered reports in themselves. Therefore, they should present case reports, techniques, or interventions/treatments. They will be considered for publication if they are directed to three main objectives: (i) technical videos, aiming to present a novel method, technique or protocol either in laboratory animals, humans or models/analyses; (ii) content aimed at evidence-based professional educational purposes; (iii) science popularization of the topics within the scope of the journal.

Submissions in this section must contain a .doc file with a brief summary of what will be shown on the video, its scientific relevance and the literature gap it helps to address. This rationale in text must contain up to 25 references and no more than two pages.

The .doc file must contain the link to the video, available in a password-protected file sharing service, such as SendSpace, Google Drive or Dropbox. The password must be informed in the .doc file also so that reviewers and editors may download the video.

The video must range from 5 to 10 minutes.

All ethical criteria must have been met prior to the video recording under the established current applicable law and guidelines.

The consent of the portrayed subjects is essential, as is the protection of their identity and privacy. In order to comply with those aspects, the term of usage of images and audio for scientific purposes signed by the subjects portrayed must be submitted as an additional file in the respective submission.

The accepted videos will be uploaded in the BAHIANA Journals YouTube channel, linked to the source rationale published in .PDF form and licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 CC-BY Attribution Only License.

Brain Imaging and Stimulation does not retain video copyrights, only the right to the first publication.

Additional recommendations are as follows:

Address the matters on the video following the same structure as you would on a research summary: rationale, gap and how the content presented addresses it. Objectivity and methodological soundness will both be taken into account in the peer review of the audiovisual content.

Don't start off with temporal markers such as "good morning". A simple "hello" shall suffice.

The authors do not need to introduce themselves on camera. Subtitles will be added to the audiovisual file in case of acceptance.

The identification of who were portrayed on video must be informed on the .doc file submitted to the journal.

Prefer light backgrounds, proper lighting and always employ at least 720p as resolution.

Videos with poor quality will be returned to authors with technical considerations for a new recording to be provided.

Technology and methodological perspectives

The technology and methodological perspectives section welcomes articles that further research agendas regarding new views on phenomena, new usages of a technology or new devices.

Case reports

Case reports or case series that describe real situations, in which new procedures and new techniques have been developed and employed as research strategies and may include all the sections of a clinical trial. Due to the fact that generally there is little possibility of extrapolating the results, only rare and very specific cases are going to be considered for evaluation and further publication in this section. According to national and international regulations, all case report submissions are required to include the informed consent documentation signed by the patient, the local ethics on research committee authorization number and, whenever applicable, authorization for use of image and voice for scientific purposes also signed by the patient. Video files submissions are allowed in this section.


Systematic review studies with meta-analysis or scope reviews presenting an original question of investigation that may contribute to advance the science on brain imaging or stimulation will be considered for publication. Pre-registration is mandatory for systematic reviews and it may be done at the PROSPERO database and the completed PRISMA checklist must be submitted as supplementary file. Systematic reviews without pre-registration will be desk rejected. In the case of reviews without meta-analysis, the manuscript must justify why the meta-analysis was considered unfeasible. 

Privacy Statement

The names, addresses and any other types of personal data inserted into this journal's database will be used solely for the editorial services provided by this publication and will not be made available for other purposes nor to third parties.

Statement last reviewed in January 11th, 2022