Taís Paiva da Costa, David da Costa Nunes Junior


Introduction: The infection by Zika virus (ZIKV) on pregnancy has been related to several birth defects such as congenital microcephaly and fetal deaths. According to what is currently known about this infection, the only way to avoid it is prevention. Objective: Evaluate the pregnant women awareness about usual ZIKV infection risks. Methods and materials: This is a quantitative descriptive observational report developed at a outpatient clinic in Salvador/BA. The analysis group was composed by 60 pregnant subjects of usual risk from September to October of 2016. The data acquisition was done by structured instruments such as questions regarding sociodemographic data and ZIKV infection risks. Results: Approximately 97% of the subjects affirmed to known how the disease spread occurs, and all of them have mentioned the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The most commonly reported indications and symptoms were maculopapular rash (77.8%), headache (66.7%) and pruritus (61.1%). The most frequent complication was microcephaly (98.3%). About ways of prevention from the disease, 93.3% affirmed that they are aware of the virus. The use of the repellent lotion was the most mentioned (96.5%). Just 51.8% claimed to always do some prevention measures in their daily basis. And 88.6% of the subjects who had unplanned pregnancy allege that they would not wish to become pregnant with real chances of being infected by the virus. Conclusion: the studied group is aware of the infection risks by ZIKV, but there is a lack of prevention acts.


Zika Virus; pregnancy; prevention.

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Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health | ISSN: 2317-3386

Updated 03/16/17

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